Long Term Persistence

Long-term persistence is a model that enables beans to be saved in XML format.

Information on the XML format and on how to implement long-term persistence for non-beans can be found in XML Schema and Using XMLEncoder.

Encoder and Decoder

The XMLEncoder class is assigned to write output files for textual representation of Serializable objects. The following code fragment is an example of writing a Java bean and its properties in XML format:

XMLEncoder encoder = new XMLEncoder(
           new BufferedOutputStream(
           new FileOutputStream("Beanarchive.xml")));

encoder.writeObject(object);
encoder.close();

The XMLDecoder class reads an XML document that was created with XMLEncoder:

XMLDecoder decoder = new XMLDecoder(
    new BufferedInputStream(
    new FileInputStream("Beanarchive.xml")));

Object object = decoder.readObject();
decoder.close();

What's in XML?

An XML bean archive has its own specific syntax, which includes the following tags to represent each bean element:

  • an XML preamble to describe a version of XML and type of encoding

  • a <java> tag to embody all object elements of the bean

  • an <object> tag to represent a set of method calls needed to reconstruct an object from its serialized form

<object class="javax.swing.JButton" method="new">
    <string>Ok</string>
</object>

or statements

<object class="javax.swing.JButton">
    <void method="setText">
        <string>Cancel</string>
            </void>
    </object>
  • tags to define appropriate primitive types:

  • <boolean>

    • <byte>

    • <char>

    • <short>

    • <int>

    • <long>

    • <float>

    • <double>

<int>5555</int>
  • a < class > tag to represent an instance of Class.
<class>java.swing.JFrame</class>
  • an < array > tag to define an array
<array class="java.lang.String" length="5">
</array>

The following code represents an XML archive that will be generated for the SimpleBean component:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<java>
  <object class="javax.swing.JFrame">
    <void method="add">
      <object class="java.awt.BorderLayout" field="CENTER"/>
      <object class="SimpleBean"/>
    </void>
    <void property="defaultCloseOperation">
      <object class="javax.swing.WindowConstants" field="DISPOSE_ON_CLOSE"/>
    </void>
    <void method="pack"/>
    <void property="visible">
      <boolean>true</boolean>
    </void>
  </object>
</java>