Import the Certificate as a Trusted Certificate

Before you can grant the signed code permission to read a specified file, you need to import Susan's certificate as a trusted certificate in your keystore.

Suppose that you have received from Susan

  • the signed JAR file sCount.jar , which contains the Count.class file, and

  • the file Example.cer , which contains the public key certificate for the public key corresponding to the private key used to sign the JAR file.

Even though you created these files and they haven't actually been transported anywhere, you can simulate being someone other than the creater and sender, Susan. Pretend that you are now Ray. Acting as Ray, you will create a keystore named exampleraystore and will use it to import the certificate into an entry with an alias of susan .

A keystore is created whenever you use a keytool command specifying a keystore that doesn't yet exist. Thus we can create the exampleraystore and import the certificate via a single keytool command. Do the following in your command window.

  • Go to the directory containing the public key certificate file Example.cer . (You should actually already be there, since this lesson assumes that you stay in a single directory throughout.)

  • Type the following command on one line:

keytool -import -alias susan
   -file Example.cer -keystore exampleraystore

Since the keystore doesn't yet exist, it will be created, and you will be prompted for a keystore password; type whatever password you want.

The keytool command will print out the certificate information and ask you to verify it, for example, by comparing the displayed certificate fingerprints with those obtained from another (trusted) source of information. (Each fingerprint is a relatively short number that uniquely and reliably identifies the certificate.) For example, in the real world you might call up Susan and ask her what the fingerprints should be. She can get the fingerprints of the Example.cer file she created by executing the command

keytool -printcert -file Example.cer

If the fingerprints she sees are the same as the ones reported to you by keytool , the certificate has not been modified in transit. In that case you let keytool proceed with placing a trusted certificate entry in the keystore. The entry contains the public key certificate data from the file Example.cer and is assigned the alias susan .