Troubleshoot the Map Function

The map function is a JavaScript function that associates or “maps” a value with a key and emits the key and value pair during a map-reduce operation.

To verify the key and value pairs emitted by the map function, write your own emit function.

Consider a collection orders that contains documents of the following prototype:

{
     _id: ObjectId("50a8240b927d5d8b5891743c"),
     cust_id: "abc123",
     ord_date: new Date("Oct 04, 2012"),
     status: 'A',
     price: 250,
     items: [ { sku: "mmm", qty: 5, price: 2.5 },
              { sku: "nnn", qty: 5, price: 2.5 } ]
}
  • Define the map function that maps the price to the cust_id for each document and emits the cust_id and price pair:
var map = function() {
    emit(this.cust_id, this.price);
};
  • Define the emit function to print the key and value:
var emit = function(key, value) {
    print("emit");
    print("key: " + key + "  value: " + tojson(value));
}
  • Invoke the map function with a single document from the orders collection:
var myDoc = db.orders.findOne( { _id: ObjectId("50a8240b927d5d8b5891743c") } );
map.apply(myDoc);
  • Verify the key and value pair is as you expected.
emit
key: abc123 value:250
  • Invoke the map function with multiple documents from the orders collection:
var myCursor = db.orders.find( { cust_id: "abc123" } );

while (myCursor.hasNext()) {
    var doc = myCursor.next();
    print ("document _id= " + tojson(doc._id));
    map.apply(doc);
    print();
}
  • Verify the key and value pairs are as you expected.

See also

The map function must meet various requirements. For a list of all the requirements for the map function, see mapReduce, or the mongo shell helper method db.collection.mapReduce().