22.214.171.124 NDB Cluster Configuration: Basic Example
To support NDB Cluster, you will need to update
my.cnf as shown in the following example. You may also specify these parameters on the command line when invoking the executables.
The options shown here should not be confused with those that are used in
config.ini global configuration files. Global configuration options are discussed later in this section.
# my.cnf # example additions to my.cnf for NDB Cluster # (valid in MySQL 5.7) # enable ndbcluster storage engine, and provide connection string for # management server host (default port is 1186) [mysqld] ndbcluster ndb-connectstring=ndb_mgmd.mysql.com # provide connection string for management server host (default port: 1186) [ndbd] connect-string=ndb_mgmd.mysql.com # provide connection string for management server host (default port: 1186) [ndb_mgm] connect-string=ndb_mgmd.mysql.com # provide location of cluster configuration file [ndb_mgmd] config-file=/etc/config.ini
(For more information on connection strings, see Section 126.96.36.199, “NDB Cluster Connection Strings”.)
# my.cnf # example additions to my.cnf for NDB Cluster # (will work on all versions) # enable ndbcluster storage engine, and provide connection string for management # server host to the default port 1186 [mysqld] ndbcluster ndb-connectstring=ndb_mgmd.mysql.com:1186
Once you have started a mysqld process with the
ndb-connectstring parameters in the
[mysqld] in the
my.cnf file as shown previously, you cannot execute any
CREATE TABLE or
ALTER TABLE statements without having actually started the cluster. Otherwise, these statements will fail with an error. This is by design.
You may also use a separate
[mysql_cluster] section in the cluster
my.cnf file for settings to be read and used by all executables:
# cluster-specific settings [mysql_cluster] ndb-connectstring=ndb_mgmd.mysql.com:1186
NDB variables that can be set in the
my.cnf file, see Section 188.8.131.52.2, “NDB Cluster System Variables”.
The NDB Cluster global configuration file is by convention named
config.ini (but this is not required). If needed, it is read by ndb_mgmd at startup and can be placed in any location that can be read by it. The location and name of the configuration are specified using
--config-file= with ndb_mgmd on the command line. This option has no default value, and is ignored if ndb_mgmd uses the configuration cache.
The global configuration file for NDB Cluster uses INI format, which consists of sections preceded by section headings (surrounded by square brackets), followed by the appropriate parameter names and values. One deviation from the standard INI format is that the parameter name and value can be separated by a colon (
:) as well as the equal sign (
=); however, the equal sign is preferred. Another deviation is that sections are not uniquely identified by section name. Instead, unique sections (such as two different nodes of the same type) are identified by a unique ID specified as a parameter within the section.
Default values are defined for most parameters, and can also be specified in
config.ini. To create a default value section, simply add the word
default to the section name. For example, an
[ndbd] section contains parameters that apply to a particular data node, whereas an
[ndbd default] section contains parameters that apply to all data nodes. Suppose that all data nodes should use the same data memory size. To configure them all, create an
[ndbd default] section that contains a
DataMemory line to specify the data memory size.
If used, the
[ndbd default] section must precede any
[ndbd] sections in the configuration file. This is also true for
default sections of any other type.
In some older releases of NDB Cluster, there was no default value for
NoOfReplicas, which always had to be specified explicitly in the
[ndbd default] section. Although this parameter now has a default value of 2, which is the recommended setting in most common usage scenarios, it is still recommended practice to set this parameter explicitly.
The global configuration file must define the computers and nodes involved in the cluster and on which computers these nodes are located. An example of a simple configuration file for a cluster consisting of one management server, two data nodes and two MySQL servers is shown here:
# file "config.ini" - 2 data nodes and 2 SQL nodes # This file is placed in the startup directory of ndb_mgmd (the # management server) # The first MySQL Server can be started from any host. The second # can be started only on the host mysqld_5.mysql.com [ndbd default] NoOfReplicas= 2 DataDir= /var/lib/mysql-cluster [ndb_mgmd] Hostname= ndb_mgmd.mysql.com DataDir= /var/lib/mysql-cluster [ndbd] HostName= ndbd_2.mysql.com [ndbd] HostName= ndbd_3.mysql.com [mysqld] [mysqld] HostName= mysqld_5.mysql.com
The preceding example is intended as a minimal starting configuration for purposes of familiarization with NDB Cluster , and is almost certain not to be sufficient for production settings. See Section 184.108.40.206, “Recommended Starting Configuration for NDB Cluster”, which provides a more complete example starting configuration.
Each node has its own section in the
config.ini file. For example, this cluster has two data nodes, so the preceding configuration file contains two
[ndbd] sections defining these nodes.
Do not place comments on the same line as a section heading in the
config.ini file; this causes the management server not to start because it cannot parse the configuration file in such cases.
There are six different sections that you can use in the
config.ini configuration file, as described in the following list:
[computer]: Defines cluster hosts. This is not required to configure a viable NDB Cluster, but be may used as a convenience when setting up a large cluster. See Section 220.127.116.11, “Defining Computers in an NDB Cluster”, for more information.
[ndbd]: Defines a cluster data node (ndbd process). See Section 18.104.22.168, “Defining NDB Cluster Data Nodes”, for details.
[mysqld]: Defines the cluster's MySQL server nodes (also called SQL or API nodes). For a discussion of SQL node configuration, see Section 22.214.171.124, “Defining SQL and Other API Nodes in an NDB Cluster”.
[ndb_mgmd]: Defines a cluster management server (MGM) node. For information concerning the configuration of management nodes, see Section 126.96.36.199, “Defining an NDB Cluster Management Server”.
[tcp]: Defines a TCP/IP connection between cluster nodes, with TCP/IP being the default transport protocol. Normally,
[tcp default]sections are not required to set up an NDB Cluster, as the cluster handles this automatically; however, it may be necessary in some situations to override the defaults provided by the cluster. See Section 188.8.131.52, “NDB Cluster TCP/IP Connections”, for information about available TCP/IP configuration parameters and how to use them. (You may also find Section 184.108.40.206, “NDB Cluster TCP/IP Connections Using Direct Connections” to be of interest in some cases.)
[shm]: Defines shared-memory connections between nodes. In MySQL 5.7, it is enabled by default, but should still be considered experimental. For a discussion of SHM interconnects, see Section 220.127.116.11, “NDB Cluster Shared Memory Connections”.
[sci]: Defines Scalable Coherent Interface connections between cluster data nodes. Not supported in NDB 7.5 or 7.6.
You can define
default values for each section. If used, a
default section should come before any other sections of that type. For example, an
[ndbd default] section should appear in the configuration file before any
NDB Cluster parameter names are case-insensitive, unless specified in MySQL Server