12.3.1 Operator Precedence
Operator precedences are shown in the following list, from highest precedence to the lowest. Operators that are shown together on a line have the same precedence.
INTERVAL BINARY, COLLATE ! - (unary minus), ~ (unary bit inversion) ^ *, /, DIV, %, MOD -, + <<, >> & | = (comparison), <=>, >=, >, <=, <, <>, !=, IS, LIKE, REGEXP, IN BETWEEN, CASE, WHEN, THEN, ELSE NOT AND, && XOR OR, || = (assignment), :=
The precedence of
= depends on whether it is used as a comparison operator (
=) or as an assignment operator (
=). When used as a comparison operator, it has the same precedence as
IN(). When used as an assignment operator, it has the same precedence as
:=. Section 22.214.171.124, “SET Syntax for Variable Assignment”, and Section 9.4, “User-Defined Variables”, explain how MySQL determines which interpretation of
= should apply.
For operators that occur at the same precedence level within an expression, evaluation proceeds left to right, with the exception that assignments evaluate right to left.
The precedence and meaning of some operators depends on the SQL mode:
The precedence of operators determines the order of evaluation of terms in an expression. To override this order and group terms explicitly, use parentheses. For example:
mysql> SELECT 1+2*3; -> 7 mysql> SELECT (1+2)*3; -> 9