8.3 Optimization and Indexes
- 8.3.1 How MySQL Uses Indexes
- 8.3.2 Primary Key Optimization
- 8.3.3 Foreign Key Optimization
- 8.3.4 Column Indexes
- 8.3.5 Multiple-Column Indexes
- 8.3.6 Verifying Index Usage
- 8.3.7 InnoDB and MyISAM Index Statistics Collection
- 8.3.8 Comparison of B-Tree and Hash Indexes
- 8.3.9 Use of Index Extensions
- 8.3.10 Optimizer Use of Generated Column Indexes
- 8.3.11 Indexed Lookups from TIMESTAMP Columns
The best way to improve the performance of
SELECT operations is to create indexes on one or more of the columns that are tested in the query. The index entries act like pointers to the table rows, allowing the query to quickly determine which rows match a condition in the
WHERE clause, and retrieve the other column values for those rows. All MySQL data types can be indexed.
Although it can be tempting to create an indexes for every possible column used in a query, unnecessary indexes waste space and waste time for MySQL to determine which indexes to use. Indexes also add to the cost of inserts, updates, and deletes because each index must be updated. You must find the right balance to achieve fast queries using the optimal set of indexes.