Graphical User Interfaces with Tk
Tk/Tcl has long been an integral part of Python. It provides a robust and platform independent windowing toolkit, that is available to Python programmers using the
tkinter package, and its extension, the
tkinter.tix and the
tkinter package is a thin object-oriented layer on top of Tcl/Tk. To use
tkinter, you don’t need to write Tcl code, but you will need to consult the Tk documentation, and occasionally the Tcl documentation.
tkinter is a set of wrappers that implement the Tk widgets as Python classes. In addition, the internal module
_tkinter provides a threadsafe mechanism which allows Python and Tcl to interact.
tkinter’s chief virtues are that it is fast, and that it usually comes bundled with Python. Although its standard documentation is weak, good material is available, which includes: references, tutorials, a book and others.
tkinter is also famous for having an outdated look and feel, which has been vastly improved in Tk 8.5. Nevertheless, there are many other GUI libraries that you could be interested in. For more information about alternatives, see the Other Graphical User Interface Packages section.
tkinter— Python interface to Tcl/Tk
- Tkinter Modules
- Tkinter Life Preserver
- A (Very) Quick Look at Tcl/Tk
- Mapping Basic Tk into Tkinter
- How Tk and Tkinter are Related
- Handy Reference
- File Handlers
tkinter.ttk— Tk themed widgets
- Using Ttk
- Ttk Widgets
- Ttk Styling
tkinter.tix— Extension widgets for Tk
tkinter.scrolledtext— Scrolled Text Widget
- Editing and navigation
- Startup and code execution
- Help and preferences
- Other Graphical User Interface Packages