37. Sending Email

The Spring Framework provides an easy abstraction for sending email by using the JavaMailSender interface, and Spring Boot provides auto-configuration for it as well as a starter module.

Tip

See the reference documentation for a detailed explanation of how you can use JavaMailSender .

If spring.mail.host and the relevant libraries (as defined by spring-boot-starter-mail ) are available, a default JavaMailSender is created if none exists. The sender can be further customized by configuration items from the spring.mail namespace. See MailProperties for more details.

In particular, certain default timeout values are infinite, and you may want to change that to avoid having a thread blocked by an unresponsive mail server, as shown in the following example:

spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.connectiontimeout=5000
spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.timeout=3000
spring.mail.properties.mail.smtp.writetimeout=5000

It is also possible to configure a JavaMailSender with an existing Session from JNDI:

spring.mail.jndi-name=mail/Session

When a jndi-name is set, it takes precedence over all other Session-related settings.