$hour (aggregation)

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Definition

  • $hour
    • Returns the hour portion of a date as a number between 0 and 23.

The $hour expression has the following operator expression syntax:

{ $hour: <dateExpression> }

Changed in version 3.6.

The argument must be a valid expression that resolves to one of the following:

New in version 3.6.

{ date: <dateExpression>, timezone: <tzExpression> }
FieldDescription
dateThe date to which the operator is applied. <dateExpression> must be a valid expression that resolves to a Date, a Timestamp, or an ObjectID.
timezoneOptional. The timezone of the operation result. <tzExpression> must be a valid expression that resolves to a string formatted as either an Olson Timezone Identifier or a UTC Offset. If no timezone is provided, the result is displayed in UTC .
| Format | Examples |
| Olson Timezone Identifier | "America/New_York"
"Europe/London"
"GMT" |
| UTC Offset | +/-[hh]:[mm], e.g. "+04:45"
+/-[hh][mm], e.g. "-0530"
+/-[hh], e.g. "+03" |

Behavior

ExampleResult
{ $hour: new Date("2016-01-01T12:00:00Z") }12
{ $hour: { date: new Date("Jan 7, 2003Z") } }0
{ $hour: {
date: new Date("August 14, 2011Z"),
timezone: "America/Chicago"
} }
18
{ $hour: ISODate("2017-10-19T00:00:00Z") }0
{ $hour: {
date: ISODate("2017-10-19T00:00:00Z"),
timezone: "+0530"
} }
5
{ $hour: "March 28, 1976" }error
{ $hour: Date("2016-01-01") }error
{ $hour: "2009-04-09" }error

Note

$hour cannot take a string as an argument.

Example

Consider a sales collection with the following document:

{
  "_id" : 1,
  "item" : "abc",
  "price" : 10,
  "quantity" : 2,
  "date" : ISODate("2014-01-01T08:15:39.736Z")
}

The following aggregation uses the $hour and other date expressions to break down the date field:

db.sales.aggregate(
   [
     {
       $project:
         {
           year: { $year: "$date" },
           month: { $month: "$date" },
           day: { $dayOfMonth: "$date" },
           hour: { $hour: "$date" },
           minutes: { $minute: "$date" },
           seconds: { $second: "$date" },
           milliseconds: { $millisecond: "$date" },
           dayOfYear: { $dayOfYear: "$date" },
           dayOfWeek: { $dayOfWeek: "$date" }
         }
     }
   ]
)

The operation returns the following result:

{
  "_id" : 1,
  "year" : 2014,
  "month" : 1,
  "day" : 1,
  "hour" : 8,
  "minutes" : 15,
  "seconds" : 39,
  "milliseconds" : 736,
  "dayOfYear" : 1,
  "dayOfWeek" : 4,
  "week" : 0
}