Install MongoDB Enterprise Edition on Debian
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Use this tutorial to install MongoDB 3.6 Enterprise Edition using the
apt package manager.
MongoDB Enterprise Edition is available on select platforms and contains support for several features related to security and monitoring.
- MongoDB 3.6.6 Enterprise Edition removes support for Debian 7 (“Wheezy”) on x86_64
MongoDB 3.6 Enterprise Edition supports the following 64-bit Debian releases on x86_64 architecture:
- Debian 9 “Stretch” (Starting in MongoDB Enterprise 3.6.5)
- Debian 8 “Jessie”
MongoDB only supports the 64-bit versions of these platforms.
See Supported Platforms for more information.
Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) - Unsupported
MongoDB does not support the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL).
Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document which offers performance considerations and configuration recommendations for production MongoDB deployments.
To install MongoDB Enterprise on your Debian system, these instructions will use the official
mongodb-enterprise package, which is maintained and supported by MongoDB Inc. The official
mongodb-enterprise package always contains the latest version of MongoDB, and is available from its own dedicated repo.
mongodb package provided by Debian is not maintained by MongoDB Inc. and conflicts with the official
mongodb-enterprise package. If you have already installed the
mongodb package on your Debian system, you must first uninstall the
mongodb package before proceeding with these instructions.
See MongoDB Enterprise Edition Packages for the complete list of official packages.
Follow these steps to install MongoDB Enterprise Edition using the
apt package manager.
From a terminal, issue the following command to import the MongoDB public GPG Key from https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-3.6.asc :
The operation should respond with an
Create the list file using the command appropriate for your version of Debian:
- Debian 8 “Jessie”
- Debian 9 “Stretch”
If you’d like to install MongoDB Enterprise packages from a particular release series such as 3.4, you can specify the release series in the repository configuration. For example, to restrict your system to the 3.4 release series, add the following repository:
Currently packages are available for Debian 8 “Jessie” and Debian 9 “Stretch”.
To install a specific release, you must specify each component package individually along with the version number, as in the following example:
If you only install
mongodb-enterprise=3.6.19 and do not include the component packages, the latest version of each MongoDB package will be installed regardless of what version you specified.
Although you can specify any available version of MongoDB,
apt-get will upgrade the packages when a newer version becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin the package. To pin the version of MongoDB at the currently installed version, issue the following command sequence:
By default, MongoDB instance stores:
- its data files in
- its log files in
If you installed via the package manager, these default directories are created during the installation.
If you installed manually by downloading the tarballs, you can create the directories using
mkdir -p <directory> or
sudo mkdir -p <directory> depending on the user that will run MongoDB. (See your linux man pages for information on
By default, MongoDB runs using the
mongodb user account. If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must also modify the permission to the
/var/log/mongodb directories to give this user access to these directories.
To specify a different log file directory and data file directory, edit the
storage.dbPath settings in the
/etc/mongod.conf. Ensure that the user running MongoDB has access to these directories.
Most Unix-like operating systems limit the system resources that a session may use. These limits may negatively impact MongoDB operation. See UNIX ulimit Settings for more information.
Follow these steps to run MongoDB Enterprise Edition on your system. These instructions assume that you are using the official
mongodb-enterprise package – not the unofficial
mongodb package provided by Debian – and are using the default settings.
To run and manage your
mongod process, you will be using your operating system’s built-in init system. Recent versions of Linux tend to use systemd (which uses the
systemctl command), while older versions of Linux tend to use System V init (which uses the
If you are unsure which init system your platform uses, run the following command:
Then select the appropriate tab below based on the result:
systemd- select the systemd (systemctl) tab below.
init- select the System V Init (service) tab below.
- systemd (systemctl)
- System V Init (service)