Install MongoDB Community Edition on Debian
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Use this tutorial to install MongoDB 3.6 Community Edition using the
apt package manager.
- MongoDB 3.6.6 Community Edition removes support for Debian 7 (“Wheezy”) on x86_64
MongoDB 3.6 Community Edition supports the following 64-bit Debian releases on x86_64 architecture:
- Debian 9 “Stretch” (Starting in MongoDB Community 3.6.5)
- Debian 8 “Jessie”
MongoDB only supports the 64-bit versions of these platforms.
See Supported Platforms for more information.
Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) - Unsupported
MongoDB does not support the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL).
Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document which offers performance considerations and configuration recommendations for production MongoDB deployments.
To install MongoDB Community on your Debian system, these instructions will use the official
mongodb-org package, which is maintained and supported by MongoDB Inc. The official
mongodb-org package always contains the latest version of MongoDB, and is available from its own dedicated repo.
mongodb package provided by Debian is not maintained by MongoDB Inc. and conflicts with the official
mongodb-org package. If you have already installed the
mongodb package on your Debian system, you must first uninstall the
mongodb package before proceeding with these instructions.
See MongoDB Community Edition Packages for the complete list of official packages.
Follow these steps to install MongoDB Community Edition using the
apt package manager.
From a terminal, issue the following command to import the MongoDB public GPG Key from https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-3.6.asc :
The operation should respond with an
To install a specific release, you must specify each component package individually along with the version number, as in the following example:
If you only install
mongodb-org=3.6.19 and do not include the component packages, the latest version of each MongoDB package will be installed regardless of what version you specified.
Although you can specify any available version of MongoDB,
apt-get will upgrade the packages when a newer version becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin the package. To pin the version of MongoDB at the currently installed version, issue the following command sequence:
- ulimit Considerations
- Most Unix-like operating systems limit the system resources that a session may use. These limits may negatively impact MongoDB operation. See UNIX ulimit Settings for more information.
By default, MongoDB instance stores:
- its data files in
- its log files in
If you installed via the package manager, these default directories are created during the installation.
If you installed manually by downloading the tarballs, you can create the directories using
mkdir -p <directory>or
sudo mkdir -p <directory>depending on the user that will run MongoDB. (See your linux man pages for information on
By default, MongoDB runs using the
mongodbuser account. If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must also modify the permission to the
/var/log/mongodbdirectories to give this user access to these directories.
To specify a different log file directory and data file directory, edit the
storage.dbPathsettings in the
/etc/mongod.conf. Ensure that the user running MongoDB has access to these directories.
- its data files in
Follow these steps to run MongoDB Community Edition on your system. These instructions assume that you are using the official
mongodb-org package – not the unofficial
mongodb package provided by Debian – and are using the default settings.
To run and manage your
mongod process, you will be using your operating system’s built-in init system. Recent versions of Linux tend to use systemd (which uses the
systemctl command), while older versions of Linux tend to use System V init (which uses the
If you are unsure which init system your platform uses, run the following command:
Then select the appropriate tab below based on the result:
systemd- select the systemd (systemctl) tab below.
init- select the System V Init (service) tab below.
- systemd (systemctl)
- System V Init (service)
As needed, you can stop the
mongod process by issuing the following command:
You can restart the