Install MongoDB Community Edition on Ubuntu
On this page
Use this tutorial to install MongoDB 3.6 Community Edition on LTS (long-term support) releases of Ubuntu Linux using the
apt package manager.
- MongoDB 3.6.4 Enterprise Edition removes support for Ubuntu 12.04 (“Precise”) on x86_64
MongoDB 3.6 Community Edition supports the following 64-bit Ubuntu LTS (long-term support) releases on x86_64 architecture:
- 16.04 LTS (“Xenial”)
- 14.04 LTS (“Trusty”)
MongoDB only supports the 64-bit versions of these platforms.
MongoDB 3.6 Community Edition on Ubuntu also supports the ARM64 architecture on select platforms.
See Supported Platforms for more information.
Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL) - Unsupported
MongoDB does not support the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL).
Before deploying MongoDB in a production environment, consider the Production Notes document which offers performance considerations and configuration recommendations for production MongoDB deployments.
To install MongoDB Community on your Ubuntu system, these instructions will use the official
mongodb-org package, which is maintained and supported by MongoDB Inc. The official
mongodb-org package always contains the latest version of MongoDB, and is available from its own dedicated repo.
mongodb package provided by Ubuntu is not maintained by MongoDB Inc. and conflicts with the official
mongodb-org package. If you have already installed the
mongodb package on your Ubuntu system, you must first uninstall the
mongodb package before proceeding with these instructions.
See MongoDB Community Edition Packages for the complete list of official packages.
Follow these steps to install MongoDB Community Edition using the
apt package manager.
From a terminal, issue the following command to import the MongoDB public GPG Key from https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-3.6.asc :
The operation should respond with an
Create the list file
/etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.6.list for your version of Ubuntu. Click on the appropriate tab for your version of Ubuntu. If you are unsure of what Ubuntu version the host is running, open a terminal or shell on the host and execute
- Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial)
- Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty)
The following instruction is for Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial). For Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty), click on the appropriate tab.
/etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.6.list file for Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial):
The following instruction is for Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty). For Ubuntu 16.04 (Xenial), click on the appropriate tab.
/etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-3.6.list file for Ubuntu 14.04 (Trusty):
To install a specific release, you must specify each component package individually along with the version number, as in the following example:
If you only install
mongodb-org=3.6.19 and do not include the component packages, the latest version of each MongoDB package will be installed regardless of what version you specified.
Although you can specify any available version of MongoDB,
apt-get will upgrade the packages when a newer version becomes available. To prevent unintended upgrades, pin the package. To pin the version of MongoDB at the currently installed version, issue the following command sequence:
For help with troubleshooting errors encountered while installing MongoDB on Ubuntu, see our troubleshooting guide.
- ulimit Considerations
- Most Unix-like operating systems limit the system resources that a session may use. These limits may negatively impact MongoDB operation. See UNIX ulimit Settings for more information.
If you installed via the package manager, the data directory
/var/lib/mongodband the log directory
/var/log/mongodbare created during the installation.
By default, MongoDB runs using the
mongodbuser account. If you change the user that runs the MongoDB process, you must also modify the permission to the data and log directories to give this user access to these directories.
- Configuration File
The official MongoDB package includes a
configuration file (
/etc/mongod.conf). These settings (such as the data directory and log directory specifications) take effect upon startup. That is, if you change the configuration file while the MongoDB instance is running, you must restart the instance for the changes to take effect.
Follow these steps to run MongoDB Community Edition on your system. These instructions assume that you are using the official
mongodb-org package – not the unofficial
mongodb package provided by Ubuntu – and are using the default settings.
To run and manage your
mongod process, you will be using your operating system’s built-in init system. Recent versions of Linux tend to use systemd (which uses the
systemctl command), while older versions of Linux tend to use System V init (which uses the
If you are unsure which init system your platform uses, run the following command:
Then select the appropriate tab below based on the result:
systemd- select the systemd (systemctl) tab below.
init- select the System V Init (service) tab below.
- systemd (systemctl)
- System V Init (service)
As needed, you can stop the
mongod process by issuing the following command: